Background: Hemophilia A (HA) therapy requires intravenous replacement infusions of factor (F) VIII concentrate. Inhibitors are high-affinity immunoglobulin G that are directed against FVIII and thereby render replacement therapy ineffective. This complication has significant prognostic implications. We aimed to examine the immune system involvement in inhibitor formation specifically T-cell excision circles (TRECs) and B-cell excision circles (KRECs), markers of new T and B cells, respectively, and examine them as surrogate markers for inhibitor formation. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 35 children with severe HA. Children were divided into two groups: with FVIII inhibitors and without FVIII inhibitors. TRECs and KRECs were measured in peripheral blood. Results: A total of 11 patients with inhibitors and 24 without were evaluated. Children with inhibitors had higher levels of TRECs however not statistically significant (p = 0.085). CjKREC levels were higher in the inhibitor patients (p = 0.003). Moreover, the sj/cjKREC ratio was lower in the inhibitor patients (p = 0.015). Conclusions: Our findings may add to the notion that inhibitor formation is attributed to humoral immunity due to peripheral B-cell expansion and loss of peripheral tolerance. Improved knowledge regarding the involvement of the immune system in the formation of FVIII inhibitors will enable better therapy tailoring in the era of non-replacement therapies. Impact: The etiology of FVIII inhibitor formation is multifactorial, in which the immune system plays a pivotal role.Our findings may add to the notion that inhibitor formation is attributed to humoral immunity due to peripheral B-cell expansion and production of antibodies against FVIII.Improved knowledge regarding the involvement of the immune system in the development of FVIII inhibitors will enable the identification of patients prone to inhibitor development and better therapy tailoring in the new era of non-replacement therapies.