Can RNA Affect Memory Modulation? Implications for PTSD Understanding and Treatment

Tehila Cohen, Noam Shomron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Memories are a central aspect of our lives, but the mechanisms underlying their formation, consolidation, retrieval, and extinction remain poorly understood. In this review, we explore the molecular mechanisms of memory modulation and investigate the effects of RNA on these processes. Specifically, we examine the effects of time and location on gene expression alterations. We then discuss the potential for harnessing these alterations to modulate memories, particularly fear memories, to alleviate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The current state of research suggests that transcriptional changes play a major role in memory modulation and targeting them through microRNAs may hold promise as a novel approach for treating memory-related disorders such as PTSD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12908
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • PTSD
  • RNA
  • memory
  • microRNA
  • transcription


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