Can cone beam CT predict the hardness of interradicular cortical bone?

Tamar Brosh*, Bereznyak Elias Yekaterina, Raphael Pilo, Nir Shpack, Silvia Geron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Orthodontic mini implants can be inserted at the interradicular site. The bone quality at this site may affect the stability and anchorage of the implant. Bone density is clinically evaluated by Hounsfield units (HU) obtained from cone beam CT (CBCT). The objective of this study was to determine the correlations between HU, microhardness and cortical bone thickness of interradicular site at various segments (anterior/posterior) and aspects (buccal/lingual) of both jaws in a swine model.Materials and methods: Eight mandible and maxilla swine bones were scanned by CBCT. The HU and thickness of the above-mentioned sites were determined. Then, a Knoop microhardness test was applied and the Knoop Hardness Number was obtained (KHN).Results: The mandible parameters spread over a wider range than the maxilla. The buccal aspect of the maxilla had higher HU and KHN values than the mandible. The lingual aspect of the mandible had higher KHN values than the maxilla. Posterior segments had higher HU and KHN values. The thickness of the alveolar cortical bone was greater in the maxilla than in the mandible. Correlations were found between HU and KHN for 3 of the 4 sites (anterior or posterior, buccal or lingual) of the mandible only. No correlations were found for the maxilla. Upon pooling the HU and KHN data for the whole jaw, correlation was found for the maxilla as well.Conclusions: Relying on HU values as a predictor of cortical bone hardness should be considered with caution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
JournalHead and Face Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2014


  • Density
  • Interradicular
  • Mandible
  • Maxilla
  • Microhardness


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