Can Condylectomy Alone Achieve Facial Symmetry in Patients With Hemimandibular Hyperplasia (Condylar Hyperplasia Type 2)?

Waseem A. Abboud*, Rafi Romano, Shlomi Ledermann, Dafna Shashua, Raja Naddaf, Michael Tulchinsky, Rana Kadry, Dror Shamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the 3-dimensional orofacial changes occurring after proportional condylectomy in patients with unilateral condylar hyperplasia type 2 (hemimandibular hyperplasia). Eight patients underwent proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery or orthodontic treatment for at least 1 year. The precondylectomy and postcondylectomy photographs and radiographs were analyzed cephalometrically and compared. The average length of the condylar segment removed was 13 mm and this resulted in almost equal heights of the ramus-condyle units of both sides. Evaluations in the vertical plane improved after surgery; however, when the preoperative asymmetry was significant, the residual asymmetry continued to be notable after condylectomy. Transverse plane evaluations improved after condylectomy, and chin position was satisfactorily centralized in all patients. In the horizontal plane, mandibular setback occurred, and this was considered favorable when the preoperative skeletal profile was class III, whereas the opposite was when the patient was class I before surgery. The occlusion improved gradually over the postoperative months by the intrusion on the affected side and extrusion on the unaffected side into a bilaterally balanced posterior contacts with residual anterior open bite. In conclusion, condylar hyperplasia type 2 patients with mild asymmetry and low esthetic demands can benefit from proportional condylectomy as the sole treatment to both stop the hyperplastic condylar growth and improve the asymmetry to some extent. Surgeons should be able to predict the change that is expected to occur after proportional condylectomy and discuss this with the patient before surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1479-1484
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Condylar hyperplasia
  • facial asymmetry
  • facial symmetry
  • hemimandibular elongation
  • hemimandibular hyperplasia
  • high condylectomy
  • orthognathic surgery
  • proportional condylectomy

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