Macrocyclic compounds (calix- and calixarene derivatives) with aryl rings interconnected by spirocyclopropyl groups have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The compounds were prepared by the reaction of dichlorocarbene with calixarenes possessing exocyclic double bonds at the bridges, followed by reductive perdechlorination of the spirocyclopropyl groups. In all systems, pairs of geminal rings connected to the quaternary spiro carbon atoms are oriented anti, and the methylene groups of the cyclopropyl rings are located in isoclinal positions. Calixrotane adopts in the crystal and in solution a 1,3,5-alternate conformation. The presence of the spirocyclopropyl groups increases the rigidity of the macrocyclic ring.
- conformational analysis