Key participants in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling are the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades. The mechanisms involved in the activation of the above cascades by GPCRs are not fully elucidated. A prototypic GPCR that has been widely used to study these signaling mechanisms is the receptor for gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRHR), which serves as a key regulator of the reproductive system. Here we expressed GnRHR in COS7 cells and found that GnRHR transmits its signals to MAPKs mainly via Gαi, EGF receptor without the involvement of Hb-EGF, and c-Src, but independently of PKCs. The main pathway that leads to JNK activation downstream of the EGF receptor involves a sequential activation of c-Src and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). ERK activation by GnRHR is mediated by the EGF receptor, which activates Ras either directly or via c-Src. Besides the main pathway, the dissociated Gβγ and β-arrestin may initiate additional, albeit minor, pathways that lead to MAPK activation in the transfected COS7 cells. The pathways detected are significantly different from those in other cell lines bearing GnRHR, indicating that GnRH can utilize various signaling mechanisms for the activation of MAPK cascades. The unique pathway elucidated here in which c-Src and PI3K are sequentially activated downstream of the EGF receptor may serve as a prototype of signaling mechanisms by GnRHR and by additional GPCRs in various cell types.