Spontaneous brittle fracture is studied based on the model of a body, recently introduced by two of the authors, where only the prospective crack path is specified as a discrete set of alternating initially stretched and compressed bonds. In such a structure, a bridged crack destroying initially stretched bonds may propagate under a certain level of the internal energy without external sources. The general analytical solution with the crack speed-energy relation is presented in terms of the crack-related dynamic Green's function. For anisotropic chains and lattices considered earlier in quasi-statics, the dynamic problems are examined and discussed in detail. The crack speed is found to grow unboundedly as the energy approaches its upper limit. The steady-state sub- and supersonic regimes found analytically are confirmed by numerical simulations. In addition, irregular growth, clustering and crack speed oscillation modes are detected at a lower bound of the internal energy. It is observed, in numerical simulations, that the spontaneous fracture can occur in the form of a pure bridged, partially bridged or fully open crack depending on the internal energy level.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|State||Published - 8 Jul 2014|
- Dynamic fracture
- Failure waves
- Periodic structure