Bridging in social networks: Who are the people in structural holes and why are they there?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current paper examines the psychological characteristics of people who link tightly connected cliques to each other with friendship ties. Based on the work of sociologist Georg Simmel, I argue that these people are characterized by two separate motivations, which I call entrepreneurial and relationship- building motivations. Using a complete network from a heterogeneous class of Jewish-, Arab-, and Druze-Israelis, I provide the first empirical evidence of their existence. Gould and Fernandez's brokerage roles were calculated for each participant, and triad proportions from each brokerage type were correlated with well-established psychological questionnaires. Results indicate the existence of two psychologically distinct network orientations, easily interpretable in terms of Simmel's analysis of processes in triads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Number of pages14
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Entrepreneur
  • Personality
  • Social entrepreneur
  • Social network
  • Structural hole
  • Values

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