Breast-feeding and smoking habits among Israeli women

Sigal Ringel, Ernesto Kahan, Revital Greenberg, Shlomo Arieli, Amihood Blay, Matitiahu Berkovitch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Many women stop smoking before or during pregnancy, or while breast-feeding (nursing). Objectives: To assess the relation between breast-feeding and smoking habits. Methods: A survey was conducted among 920 women attending family health clinics (group 1) and a maternity department (group 2) on their breast-feeding and smoking habits. Results: A total of 156 women (16.95%) smoked during pregnancy. A significant correlation was found between breast-feeding and not smoking after delivery (P=0.009 in group 1, p=0.03 in group 2). A higher tendency to nurse was found among women with an uneventful pregnancy, who vaginally delivered a singleton at term weighing 2,500-4000 g, and who received guidance on breast-feeding. Conclusion: Professional guidance in favor of breast-feeding is crucial to increase the rate of nursing. Encouraging breast-feeding will probably decrease the rate of cigarette smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-742
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast-feeding
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Lactation

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