Brainstem encephalitis due to herpes simplex causing permanent external ophthalmoplegia

Carlos R. Gordon, S. Leventon-Kriss, Isaac Gutman, Joseph Zoldan, Natan Gadoth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Only single case reports describe pure brainstem encephalitis due to herpes simplex. These may serve as a clinical support to the recently published data suggesting that the virus may reach the brainstem via the trigeminal ganglion and then spread to the limbic structures. External ophthalmoplegia is a rare clinical presentation of classical brainstem encephalitis and is usually transient. We report on a patient in whom permanent external ophthalmoplegia was caused by herpetic brainstem encephalitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-277
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • Brainstem encephalitis
  • External ophthalmoplegia
  • Facial palsy
  • Herpes simplex
  • Trigeminal ganglion


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