Brachial plexus injury and obstetrical risk factors

J. Bar, A. Dvir, M. Hod, R. Orvieto, P. Merlob, A. Neri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether known historical risk factors of brachial plexus injury differ between affected neonates and healthy controls. Methods: The files of all 62 children with Erb's palsy who were diagnosed after birth were reviewed. The control group consisted of 124 randomly selected uninjured infants born within the same period. Results: Compared with the control group, the mothers of the neonates with brachial plexus injury were found to be significantly older (32.1±5.2 years vs. 28.9±5.8 years, P=0.01), and had a significantly higher incidence of diabetic pregnancy (69% vs. 14.5%, P=0.001); the infants had a significantly higher mean birth weight (3846±576 g vs. 3220±582 g, P=0.0001) and higher incidence of birth weight ≥4000 g (27% vs. 4.8%, P=0.0001). Two of the infants in the study group (3.2%) were born by elective cesarean section. Conclusions: Brachial plexus injury is associated with several non-predictable or preventable risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Brachial plexus injury
  • Delivery
  • Risk factors

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