Bone loss in C57BL/6J-OlaHsd mice, a substrain of C57BL/6J carrying mutated alpha-synuclein and multimerin-1 genes

Tamar Liron*, Bitya Raphael, Sahar Hiram-Bab, Itai A. Bab, Yankel Gabet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The inbred mouse strain C57BL/6 is commonly used for the generation of transgenic mouse and is a well established strain in bone research. Different vendors supply different substrains of C57BL/6J as wild-type animals when genetic drift did not incur any noticeable phenotype. However, we sporadically observed drastic differences in the bone phenotype of “WT” C57BL/6J mice originating from different labs and speculated that these variations are attributable, at least in part, to the variation between C57BL/6J substrains, which is often overlooked. C57BL/6J-OlaHsd is a commonly used substrain that despite a well defined deletion in the alpha-synuclein (Snca) and multimerin-1 (Mmrn1) genes, was reported to display no obvious phenotype and is used as WT control. Here, we compared the bone phenotype of C57BL/6J-OlaHsd (6J-OLA) to C57BL/6J-RccHsd (6J-RCC) and to the original C57BL/6J (6J-JAX). Using μCT analysis, we found that 6J-OLA mice display a significantly lower trabecular bone mass compared to 6J-RCC and 6J-JAX. PCR analysis revealed that both the Snca and Mmrn1 genes are expressed in bone tissue of 6J-RCC animals but not of 6J-OLA mutants, suggesting either one or both genes play a role in bone metabolism. In vitro analysis demonstrated increase in osteoclasts number and decreased osteoblast mineralization in cells derived from 6J-OLA compared with 6J-RCC. Our data may shed light on unexplained differences in basal bone measurements between different research centers and reiterate the importance of specifying the exact substrain type. In addition, our findings describe the physiological role for Mmrn1 and/or Snca in bone remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume233
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1822/12, 1367/12

    Keywords

    • C57Bl/6J substrains
    • bone mass accrual
    • genetic drift
    • osteoporosis
    • peak bone mass

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