Bone formation by marrow osteogenic cells (MBA‐15) is not accompanied by osteoclastogenesis and generation of hematopoietic supportive microenvironment

D. Benayahu, O. Gurevitch, D. Zipori, S. Wientroub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was aimed at elucidating the relationship between osteogenic activity of marrow stromal cells and their ability to support hematopoiesis followed by the bone‐remodeling process. We used the MBA‐15 cell line, which expresses osteoblastic phenotype in vitro and forms bone in diffusion chamber. We have compared bone formation and hematopoietic responses elicited in vivo by these cells with the implantation of freshly isolated bone marrow cells (BMC) or demineralized tooth matrix (DTM). Both MBA‐15 cells and BMC, implanted under the kidney capsule, yielded intramembraneous bone, but DTM, implanted subcutaneously, elicited endochondral bone. MBA‐15 formed primary bone, mimicking only the initial sequential stages of the ossification process. Neither histologic signs of bone resorption and remodeling nor tartrate‐resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)‐positive cells and marrow formation were observed. Bone formation was monitored biochemically. Functions for hematopoietic stem and committed cell content were measured by GM‐CFU and BFU‐E assays that confirmed the morphologic observations. In both BMC and DTM implantation, bone formation was followed by hematopoietic activity, osteoclastogenesis, and remodeling. We conclude that MBA‐15 osteoprogenitor cells, despite their extensive bone formation ability, are unable to form a microenvironment supportive for hematopoiesis and osteoclastogenesis or to initiate bone remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1107-1114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

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