Bonding surgical incisions using a temperature-controlled laser system based on a single infrared fiber

Ilan Gabay*, Irina Barequet, David Varssano, Mordechai Rosner, Abraham Katzir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although there has been great interest in laser heating for bonding of surgical incisions in tissues, it has not gained wide acceptance by surgeons. We argue that the main obstacle has been the lack of temperature control, which may lead to a weak bonding. We previously developed a laser bonding system based on two infrared transmitting AgBrCl fibers, one for laser heating and one for temperature control. In view of the inherent limitations of such systems observed in many animal experiments, we developed an improved system based on a single infrared fiber. Besides the decreased dimensions, this system offers many advantages over the two-fiber system. It is less sensitive to accuracy of height and tilt of the fiber distal tip above the tissue, ensuring more accurate heating that can potentially lead to stronger bonding with minimal thermal damage. The system is successfully tested in the soldering of 15 corneal incisions, ex vivo. Histopathology shows little thermal damage and good wound apposition. The average burst pressure is 100 ± 30 mmHg. These findings indicate the usefulness of the system for ophthalmic surgery as well as other surgical procedures, including endoscopic and robotic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111416
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Funding

FundersFunder number
Esther and Chaim Koppel Trust
Chief Scientist Office
Ministry of Health, State of Israel

    Keywords

    • Infrared fiber
    • cornea
    • endoscopic surgery
    • laser soldering
    • laser welding
    • temperature control

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