Blunted blood pressure response and elevated plasma adiponectin levels in female sprague dawley rats

Yehuda Kamari*, Edna Peleg, Avshalom Leibowitz, Grossman Ehud

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Premenopausal women have lower blood pressure (BP) levels than men of similar age. Adiponectin has been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of various stress stimuli on BP and plasma adiponectin levels in male and female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Methods In three experimental models of hypertension, fructose-enriched diet, high salt diet, or L-NAME, were administered for up to 4 weeks. BP, metabolic parameters, and plasma adiponectin were measured at baseline and during the studies. The fructose diet protocol was repeated in female rats for 2 weeks with the addition of testosterone injections or vehicle. Results Females, in contrast to males, did not develop fructose-induced hypertension. Total plasma triglycerides (TGs) were half in females at baseline (P < 0.001) and a third at 4 weeks (P < 0.05). Plasma insulin levels were 23% lower in females than in males at baseline (P < 0.05) and 42% lower after 4 weeks of fructose-enriched diet (P = 0.001). Plasma adiponectin levels were 65% higher in females than in males at baseline (P = 0.001) and 45% higher after 4 weeks of fructose-enriched diet (P < 0.05). Furthermore, female rats showed blunted BP response and elevated plasma adiponectin in the salt-induced and L-NAME-induced hypertension models. Testosterone injection to female rats reduced plasma adiponectin and reversed the blunted BP response. Conclusions Elevated plasma adiponectin levels, perhaps due to lack of suppression by testosterone, are associated with a blunting of BP response in female compared to male SD rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-619
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Funding

FundersFunder number
Sami and angela Shamoon Vascular Biology Research Fund
Sheba Medical Center

    Keywords

    • adiponectin
    • blood pressure
    • gender difference
    • hypertension
    • testosterone

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