Blunt ocular trauma in patients over 70: Clinical characteristics and prognosis

Orit Vidne-Hay, Miri Fogel Levin, Shahar Luski, Joseph Moisseiev, Elad Moisseiev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the mechanisms and outcomes of open globe injuries (OGIs) in patients 70 years or older. Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients from two large academic centers in Israel who were underwent surgery for OGI. Data was collected from surgical and clinic charts. Anatomical and functional results were recorded as well any additional surgeries and complications. Results: Thirty-two eyes of 32 patients were included. The mechanism of OGI consisted of blunt trauma with ocular rupture secondary to falls. All eyes underwent immediate primary closure of the corneal and scleral lacerations. Additional surgeries were performed in 34.3% of cases. In 31.2% of cases additional surgery was not required, and in 21.9% of cases the damage was so devastating that additional procedures were not recommended. Four patients (12.5%) chose not to undergo additional surgery. Mean visual acuity at presentation was 2.24 ± 0.72 logMAR and it improved to 1.92 ± 0.89 logMAR at final follow-up (p = 0.002). VA at presentation was significantly correlated to final VA (p < 0.001). Conclusions: OGI in the elderly represents a unique group. It is mostly related to falls, with a female predominance and a poor visual prognosis. In this patient population, general health concerns and increased risks of anesthesia require special attention. Care should be taken to educate elderly patients and their caretakers on how to avoid falls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2705-2709
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Trauma
  • cornea/external disease
  • lens/cataract
  • pars plana vitrectomy
  • pediatric ophthalmology
  • surgical trauma
  • vitreous/endophthalmitis
  • vitreous/retinal disease
  • wound construction

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