Blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients

Alon Grossman, Grossman Ehud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and essential hypertension are common conditions that are frequently present together. Both are considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease and microvascular complications and therefore treatment of both conditions is essential. Many papers were published on blood pressure (BP) targets in diabetic patients, including several works published in the last 2 years. As a result, guidelines differ in their recommendations on BP targets in diabetic patients. The method by which to control hypertension, whether pharmacological or non-pharmacological, is also a matter of debate and has been extensively studied in the literature. In recent years, new medications were introduced for the treatment of DM, some of which also affect BP and the clinician treating hypertensive and diabetic patients should be familiar with these medications and their effect on BP. In this manuscript, we discuss the evidence supporting different BP targets in diabetics and review the various guidelines on this topic. In addition, we discuss the various options available for the treatment of hypertension in diabetics and the recommendations for a specific treatment over the other. Finally we briefly discuss the new diabetic drug classes and their influence on BP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Review

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