Blocking of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) promotes terminal mitophagy in multiple myeloma, disturbing calcium homeostasis and targeting ubiquitin pathway and bortezomib-induced unfolded protein response

Katia Beider, Evgenia Rosenberg, Valeria Dimenshtein-Voevoda, Yaarit Sirovsky, Julia Vladimirsky, Hila Magen, Olga Ostrovsky, Avichai Shimoni, Zohar Bromberg, Lola Weiss, Amnon Peled, Arnon Nagler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chemoresistance remains a major treatment obstacle in multiple myeloma (MM). Novel new therapies are thus in need. Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a calcium-permeable ion channel that has been demonstrated to be expressed in solid tumors. Calcium channels have been shown to be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, chemoresistance, migration and invasion. The aim of the current study was to evaluate its possible role in MM. Methods: Pharmacological inhibitor was used to evaluate the role of TRPV1 in MM cell lines and primary MM cells. Flow cytometry, molecular analysis, fluorescent microscopy, proteomic analysis and xenograft in vivo model of MM with BM involvement were employed to assess the effect of TRPV1 inhibition and decipher its unique mechanism of action in MM. Results: TRPV1 was found to be expressed by MM cell lines and primary MM cells. TRPV1 inhibition using the antagonist AMG9810-induced MM cell apoptosis and synergized with bortezomib, overcoming both CXCR4-dependent stroma-mediated and acquired resistance. In accordance, AMG9810 suppressed the expression and activation of CXCR4 in MM cells. TRPV1 inhibition increased mitochondrial calcium levels with subsequent mitochondrial ROS accumulation and depolarization. These effects were reversed by calcium chelation, suggesting the role of calcium perturbations in oxidative stress and mitochondrial destabilization. Furthermore, AMG9810 abolished bortezomib-induced accumulation of mitochondrial HSP70 and suppressed protective mitochondrial unfolded protein response. Proteomics revealed unique molecular signature related to the modification of ubiquitin signaling pathway. Consequently, 38 proteins related to the ubiquitylation machinery were downregulated upon combined bortezomib/AMG9810 treatment. Concomitantly, AMG9810 abolished bortezomib-induced ubiquitination of cytosolic and mitochondrial proteins. Furthermore, bortezomib/AMG9810 treatment induced mitochondrial accumulation of PINK1, significantly reduced the mitochondrial mass and promoted mitochondrial-lysosomal fusion, indicating massive mitophagy. Finally, in a recently developed xenograft model of systemic MM with BM involvement, bortezomib/AMG9810 treatment effectively reduced tumor burden in the BM of MM-bearing mice. Conclusions: Altogether, our results unravel the mechanism mediating the strong synergistic anti-MM activity of bortezomib in combination with TRPV1 inhibition which may be translated into the clinic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158
JournalJournal of Hematology and Oncology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Bortezomib resistance
  • Calcium signaling
  • Mitochondrial UPR
  • Multiple myeloma
  • TRPV1

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