BlindAid: A learning environment for enabling people who are blind to explore and navigate through unknown real spaces

Orly Lahav, David W. Schloerb, Siddarth Kumar, Mandayam A. Srinivasan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In our everyday lives the fundamental role played by sensory systems, such as vision, hearing, and touch, is often taken for granted. Most of the information for the cognitive mapping of spaces used by people who are sighted is gathered through the visual channel. Unfortunately, people who are blind or have low vision lack the ability to collect the required visual information either in advance or in-situ. Indeed, for people who are blind an unknown environment can be unpleasant, uncomfortable, and unsafe even after extensive orientation and mobility rehabilitation training. In this study we developed a new virtual environment system for people who are blind to aid them in their anticipatory exploration and cognitive mapping of unknown environments. The two main goals of the study were: (1) to develop and assess an integrated haptic and audio virtual environment system though which people who are blind can explore a virtual map of an unknown real space and (2) to study the cognitive mapping process of people who are blind when using the virtual environment. The findings supply strong evidence that interaction with the BlindAid system by people who are blind provided a robust foundation for the participants' development of comprehensive cognitive maps of real unknown spaces. In conjunction with these results, the users' performance within the virtual environment supplied an assessment tool for orientation and mobility specialists. (Supported by a grant from National Eye Institute, NIH.)

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2008 Virtual Rehabilitation, IWVR
Pages193-197
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 Virtual Rehabilitation, IWVR - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 25 Aug 200827 Aug 2008

Publication series

Name2008 Virtual Rehabilitation, IWVR

Conference

Conference2008 Virtual Rehabilitation, IWVR
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period25/08/0827/08/08

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