Background: This study aimed to evaluate the bleeding phenotype and to conduct a comprehensive hemostatic evaluation in individuals with Noonan syndrome (NS), a dominantly inherited disorder caused by pathogenic variants in genes associated with the Ras/MAPK signaling pathway. Methods: Children with a genetically confirmed diagnosis of NS underwent clinical evaluation, routine laboratory tests, platelet function testing, and thrombin generation (TG) assessment. Results: The study included 24 children. The most frequently reported bleeding symptoms were easy bruising and epistaxis, while bleeding complications were observed in 15% of surgical procedures. Various hemostatic abnormalities were identified, including platelet dysfunction, von Willebrand disease, and clotting factor deficiencies. Abnormal platelet function was observed in 50% of the patients, and significantly lower TG parameters were found compared to controls. However, no significant correlation was observed between bleeding symptoms and TG results. Conclusions: The study suggests that the bleeding diathesis in NS is multifactorial, involving both platelet dysfunction and deficiencies of plasma coagulation factors. The potential role of TG assay as an ancillary tool for predicting bleeding tendencies in individuals with NS undergoing surgery warrants further investigation.
- Noonan syndrome
- light transmission aggregometry
- thrombin generation