Biomedical implications of the porosity of microbial biofilms

H. Ben-Yoav, N. Cohen-Hadar, Amihay Freeman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Biofilms are mostly considered as a slimy layer of microorganisms adhering to solid surface (de Beer and Stoodley 2006). The earliest phase of studying biofilms was focused on the physical properties of the solid surface, for example, roughness, hydrophobicity, and hydrophilicity. As electron microscopy developed, a more detailed picture of the structure of microbial biofilms emerged. The subsequent development of confocal scanning laser microscopy, coupled with fluorescent markers, allowed visualization of live hydrated biofilms as three-dimensional architecture (Costerton et al. 1995).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPorous Media Applications Biological Systems and Biotechnology
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages52
ISBN (Electronic)9781420065428
ISBN (Print)9781420065411
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010


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