Biological agents turning into weapons

Eran Rotman*, Amir Cohen, Ariel Hourvitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The use of biological agents as weapons is a well-known and established fact in the modern world. Biological warfare can be used both in terrorist events and in war and they pose a real threat and a formidable challenge to the defender. Biological weapons, in their various forms such as germs, viruses or toxins, can harm both living creatures and their surroundings. The relative simplicity of their production and use, compared to other non-conventional weapons, renders them to be a highly accessible system that can cause numerous casualties. Therefore, it is extremely important to study the threat and learn its characteristics, so as to be appropriately prepared in order to minimize potential damage. This review summarizes the characteristics of biological weapons (physical and biological), the means of use in bioterrorism and war, the advantages and disadvantages, comparisons to other non-conventional weapons and both tactical and strategical uses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20, 124, 123
Volume141 Spec No
StatePublished - May 2002


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