Binary phenomenon of hope: Perceptions of traumatized veterans

Ofir Levi*, Ronit Liechtentritt, Riki Savaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This is the second article in a phenomenological study of hope among 10 Israeli reserve soldiers with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. The aim of the second analysis was to learn about the veterans' conceptualization of hope. The picture of hope that emerges from the analysis of their interviews is of a binary phenomenon in which hope develops but may also be arrested, is conscious but also unconscious, and strengthens the individual but may also weaken one. These findings show the binary phenomenon of hope and how it contributes to coping with traumatic events and therefore can assist professional workers who treat individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1165
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • hope
  • phenomenological method
  • phenomenon of hope
  • posttraumatic stress disorder


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