Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting in patients with left main disease: A single-center experience

Amit Gordon, Nachum Nesher, Raphael Mohr, Dmitry Pevni, Amir Kramer, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Yosef Paz, Yanai Ben-Gal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective We compared early and long-term outcomes between bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting and single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting in patients with LM disease. Methods We evaluated the outcomes of all patients with LM disease who underwent revascularization in our center during 1996-2011. Variables that were adjusted for in a multivariate analysis and in propensity matching included age, sex, comorbid diseases, repeat operation, the number of diseased vessels, other conduits used, the use of sequential grafting, the number of grafts constructed, and the operative era (1996-2000 vs. 2001-2011). Results In total, 949 patients with LM disease underwent BITA grafting and 564 underwent SITA grafting during the study period. SITA patients were more often female and more likely to have comorbidities such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ejection fraction <30%, recent myocardial infarction, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic renal failure, and peripheral vascular disease, and to have undergone an emergency operation. We found no statistically significant difference between the SITA and BITA groups in 30-day mortality (4.8% vs. 3.3%, P = 0.136), sternal wound infection (2.0% vs. 2.4%, P = 0.548), and stroke (3.2% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.234). BITA patients had improved long-term survival (70.1% vs. 52.0% p<0.001), median follow-up of 15 years. In multivariate analysis, after propensity score matching (477 matched pairs), this finding was not statistically significant (P = 0.135). Conclusion This study did not demonstrate a clear benefit of BITA grafts among patients with LM disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-471
Number of pages8
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • anastomosis
  • coronary artery bypass surgery
  • coronary disease
  • internal mammary-coronary artery
  • percutaneous coronary revascularization
  • thoracic arteries


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