Beyond direct verbal instructions in cognitive behavioral supervision

Tammie Ronen*, Michael Rosenbaum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In clinical supervision of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), the supervisor relies primarily on verbal instruction, although in the practice of CBT the therapist employs a variety of 'nontalking' methods to facilitate change. This paper suggests a range of techniques that can be used in clinical supervision that are not based on direct verbal communication, such as the use of writing, metaphors, and imagery. The goal of these techniques, like the goal of CBT supervision in general, is to empower the supervisee to independently think and act as a CBT therapist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-23
Number of pages17
JournalCognitive and Behavioral Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998


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