Behaviour of Phytophthora citrophthora and P. nicotianae var. in soil, and Differences in Their Tolerance to Antimicrobial Components of Selective Media Used for Isolation of Phytophthora spp.

Baruch Sneh, Daniella A. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phytophthora citrophthora was inhibited to a greater extent than P. nicotianac var. parasitica by chloramphenicol, hymexazol, PCNB and pimaricin at concentrations used in selective media for the isolation of Phytophthora spp. Reduced concentrations of the antimicrobial components of the selective media to tolerant levels for P. citrophthora markedly increased the recovery of the two brown rot pathogens from soil. Mycelium of both Phytophthora spp. survived in air‐dried soil for at least 5 months while mycelium of most Phytophthora spp. do not survive in dry soil. In moist soil, P. nicotianae var. parasitica produced hyphal swellings, sporangia and chlamydospores. P. citrophthora produced hyphal swellings and sporangia, but no chlamydospores. No oospores were produced, even in pairing cultures on agar plates with isolates obtained from several locations of citrus groves andfruits by both species. Sporania were obtained in both species in citrus groves on mycelium mats, in the rhizosphere, in infected leaves and fruits buried at soil depths of 5–35 cm. Numbers of propagules declined during the incubation period, but conside, rable numbers survived throughout the experimental period (6 months). Although P. nicotianae var. parasitica produced chlamydospores while P. citrophthora did not, numbers of surviving propagules recovered from soil after 6 months were comparable with both species. The brown rot pathogens survived in soil both as colonizers of detached leaves and fruits and as parasites in living root tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-221
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Phytopathology
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1988

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