A healthy diet and good eating behaviors are essential components of long-term success in weight maintenance after bariatric surgery. Although rates of revised bariatric surgery have increased, data on subsequent behavioral outcomes are sparse. The aim of our study was to investigate behavioral outcomes following revised laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (R-LSG) that was indicated for failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and compare with outcomes following primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (P-LSG). Twelve patients who underwent R-LSG and 25 patients who underwent P-LSG between 2007 and 2009 in our medical center completed a questionnaire that assessed weight loss, eating behaviors, physical activity, food tolerance, and satisfaction. The average time elapsed since the operation was 18 months for both groups. In the R-LSG group, more patients reported non-normative eating patterns and less healthy food selection than in the P-LSG group. Food tolerance and satisfaction were also lower after R-LSG. Engagement in regular physical activity increased from 0 to 16.7 % in the R-LSG group and from 8 to 33 % in the P-LSG group. After R-LSG, 58 % reported eating at scheduled times, compared with 85 % after P-LSG. Levels of healthy food selection, food tolerance, normative eating patterns, and physical activity were lower in the R-LSG group than in the P-LSG group. This study highlights the need to develop pre- and post-surgery treatment that would promote better behavioral outcomes in the growing number of individuals undergoing repeat bariatric surgery.
- Bariatric surgery
- Behavioral changes
- Food selection
- Food tolerance
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
- Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
- Revised surgery