Behçet's disease and cerebral sinus vein thrombosis in children: A case study and review of the literature

Amihai Rottenstreich, Keren Machol, Eli M. Eisenstein, Shai Padeh, Aharon Klar, Avi Livneh, Yackov Berkun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement, one of the most severe manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD), is uncommon in children. Because it is rare, the clinical features of this disease in children are not well characterised. Here we describe a teenager with BD which was disclosed following an episode of cerebral sinus vein thrombosis (CSVT) and review the available literature on children with CSVT associated with BD. Methods. A 12-year-old boy who presented with CSVT is described and the relevant literature, based on a Medline search from 1966 to January 2015 is reviewed. Results. Twenty-three well-documented reports of children with CSVT and BD are described. This manifestation affected mainly males (61%) with a mean age of 12 years (range 4-18). BD was first diagnosed simultaneously or following CSVT in the majority of cases (75%). Multiple sinuses were involved in 30% of the cases. Thrombosis of additional large vessel was identified in 5 of the 23 children. The most common presenting symptom and signs were headache (91%), lasting more than 3 days in most cases (75%), followed by papilledema (43%), seizures (17%), and personality changes (9%). A mixed pattern of CNS involvement including both parenchymal involvement and CSVT, was demonstrated in only two patients (9%). Management of CSVT differed between reports. Conclusion. CSVT in children is a rarely reported manifestation of BD and has a characteristic clinical picture of a teenage boy presenting with prolonged headache, with no previous diagnosis of BD. A therapeutic approach has not been established yet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume33
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Behçet's disease
  • Central nervous system diseases
  • Cerebral veins
  • Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
  • Child

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