BAY 81-8973 Efficacy and Safety in Previously Untreated and Minimally Treated Children with Severe Hemophilia A: The LEOPOLD Kids Trial

Rolf Ljung*, Anthony K.C. Chan, Heidi Glosli, Olubunmi Afonja, Bastian Becker, Despina Tseneklidou-Stoeter, Maria Elisa Mancuso, Sonata Saulyte-Trakymiene, Gili Kenet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction BAY 81-8973, a full-length recombinant factor VIII for hemophilia A treatment, has been extensively evaluated in previously treated patients in the LEOPOLD (Long-Term Efficacy Open-Label Program in Severe Hemophilia A Disease) clinical trials. Aim To assess BAY 81-8973 efficacy and safety when used for bleed prophylaxis and treatment in previously untreated/minimally treated patients (PUPs/MTPs). Methods In this phase III, multicenter, open-label, uncontrolled study, PUPs/MTPs (<6 years old) with severe hemophilia A received BAY 81-8973 (15-50 IU/kg) at least once weekly as prophylaxis. Primary efficacy endpoint was the annualized bleeding rate (ABR) within 48 hours after prophylaxis infusion. Adverse events and immunogenicity were assessed. Patients who developed inhibitors were offered immune tolerance induction (ITI) treatment in an optional extension phase. Results Fifty-two patients were enrolled, with 43 patients (mean age: 13.6 months) treated. Median (interquartile range) ABR for all bleeds within 48 hours of prophylaxis infusion was 0.0 (0.0-1.8) among patients without inhibitors (n=20) and 0.0 (0.0-2.2) among all patients. As expected, inhibitors were the most frequent treatment-related adverse event (high titer: 17 [39.5%] patients; low titer: 6 [13.9%] patients). Six of 12 patients who underwent ITI treatment in the extension phase (high titer [n=5], low titer [n=1]) achieved a negative inhibitor titer. Conclusion BAY 81-8973 was effective for bleed prevention and treatment in PUPs/MTPs. The observed inhibitor rate was strongly influenced by a cluster of inhibitor cases, and consequently, slightly higher than in other PUP/MTP studies. Overall, the BAY 81-8973 benefit-risk profile remains unchanged and supported by ongoing safety surveillance. Immune tolerance can be achieved with BAY 81-8973.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-39
Number of pages13
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • clinical trial
  • factor VIII
  • hemophilia A
  • immune tolerance induction
  • inhibitors
  • prophylaxis

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