Bat vocal sequences enhance contextual information independently of syllable order

Yoni Amit, Yossi Yovel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many animals, humans included, rely on acoustic vocalizations for communication. The complexity of non-human vocal communication has been under debate one of the main open questions being: What could be the function of multi-syllabic vocal sequences? We address these questions by analyzing fruit-bat vocal communication. We use neural networks to encode the vocalizations, and statistical models to examine the information conveyed by sequences of vocalizations. We show that fruit-bat vocal sequences potentially convey more contextual information than individual syllables, but that the order of the syllables within the sequence is unimportant for context. Specifically, sequences are composed of slightly modified syllables, thus increasing the probability of context-specificity. We note that future behavioral, e.g., playback experiments are needed in order to validate the biological relevance of our statistical results. We hypothesize that such sequences might have served as pre-syntax precursors in the evolution of animal communication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106466
Issue number4
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2023


  • Biological sciences
  • Evolutionary biology
  • Zoology


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