Baseline oxysterols and other markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and malnutrition in the vitamin E and intima media thickness progression in end-stage renal disease (VIPER) cohort

Mona Boaz*, Luigi Iuliano, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Zipora Matas, Fausta Micheletta, Ellen McMonagle, Victoria Friedman, Silvia Natoli, Gabriella Gvirtz, Alexander Biro, Shmuel Smetana, Gideon Sabo, Uzi Gafter, Talia Weinstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Oxysterols are markers of oxidative stress, levels of which have not yet been reported in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study was designed to compare levels of the oxysterols 7-ketocholesterol (7KC) and 7β-hydroxycholesterol (7βOH) between a cohort of HD patients and healthy controls. Methods: This nested cross-sectional study reflects baseline (preintervention) values for markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and nutrition status in the 160-member vitamin E and carotid intima media thickness progression in end-stage renal disease (VIPER) cohort (age 64.1 ± 8.8, 33.5% female). Age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers served as controls. Plasma oxysterols 7KC and 7βOH were determined by isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Results: Despite higher plasma α-tocopherol levels in HD patients than controls (36.0 ± 9.3 vs. 31.8 ± 8.4 μmol/l, p = 0.007), 7KC levels (9.8 ± 6.9 vs. 5.9 ± 2.8 nmol/mmol cholesterol, p < 0.0001) and 7βOH levels (8.7 ± 4.3 vs. 2.7 ± 1.6 nmol/ mmol cholesterol, p < 0.0001) were higher in HD patients. The oxysterol 7βOH was significantly, inversely associated with prealbumin (r = -0.18, p = 0.03), though neither oxysterol was significantly associated with any other marker of oxidative stress, inflammation or nutrition status and did not discriminate for CVD in HD patients. Conclusions: Elevated levels of the oxysterols 7KC and 7βOH indicate that HD patients are in a state of oxidative stress compared to healthy controls. However, oxysterols 7KC and 7βOH did not appear to contribute additional information about oxidative stress among HD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)c111-c119
JournalNephron - Clinical Practice
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hemodialysis
  • Oxidative stress
  • Oxysterols

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