Band structure of photonic crystals fabricated by two-photon polymerization

Mikhail V. Rybin*, Ivan I. Shishkin, Kirill B. Samusev, Pavel A. Belov, Yuri S. Kivshar, Roman V. Kiyan, Boris N. Chichkov, Mikhail F. Limonov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study theoretically the band-gap structures of several types of three-dimensional photonic crystals with the fcc lattice symmetry: synthetic opals, inverted yablonovite and woodpile. The samples of inverted yablonovite, inverted yablonovite with a glassy superstructure and woodpile are fabricated by two-photon polymerization through a direct laser writing technique, which allows the creation of complex three-dimensional photonic crystals with a resolution better than 100 nm. A material is polymerized along the trace of a moving laser focus, thus enabling the fabrication of any desirable three-dimensional structure by direct “recording” into the volume of a photosensitive material. The correspondence of the structures of the fabricated samples to the expected fcc lattices is confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. We discuss theoretically how the complete photonic band-gap is modified by structural and dielectric parameters. We demonstrate that the photonic properties of opal and yablonovite are opposite: the complete photonic band gap appears in the inverted opal, and direct yablonovite is absent in direct opal and inverted yablonovite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
Issue number1
StatePublished - 13 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Direct laser writing
  • Opal
  • Photonic crystals
  • Woodpile
  • Yablonovite


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