B-cell lymphoma and myeloma protection induced by idiotype vaccination with dendritic cells is mediated entirely by T cells in mice

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Abstract

Immunoglobulin idiotypes (Id) of malignant B cells are tumor-specific antigens that may be targeted for immunotherapy. Id-directed immunotherapy by immunization with autologous Id has been initiated in clinical trials to control residual disease in B-cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma. The effector mechanisms responsible for destruction of B-cell tumors are a controversial issue. The authors show that vaccination with Id-pulsed dendritic cells (DCs) or with soluble Id-KLH in adjuvant induced immune responses that eliminated both B-cell lymphoma and myeloma in tumor-bearing mice; however, the two vaccination regimens resulted in distinct immune responses. Whereas soluble Id plus adjuvant induced high levels of anti-Id antibodies, the Id-pulsed DCs did not induce anti-Id or any antitumor antibodies. Immunization with Id-pulsed DCs induced a significant increase in the frequency of Id-reactive T cells. Depletion studies in DC-vaccinated mice showed that the predominant effector cells responsible for tumor rejection were of the CD8+ subset. The finding that DC-based Id vaccines elicit tumor protection, which is entirely based on cell-mediated effector mechanisms, is of particular importance for plasma cell tumors because these tumors do not express Id on the surface and hence do not bind anti-Id antibodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • B-cell lymphoma
  • Cell-mediated immune responses
  • Idiotype vaccines
  • Plasma cell tumors

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