Azygos anterior cerebral artery shield masquerading as an aneurysm

Alexander Andreev*, Justin E. Vranic, Omer Doron, Robert W. Regenhardt, Aman B. Patel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Here, we describe a case of a woman suspected to have an anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysm that was ultimately found to have an azygous ACA shield. This benign entity highlights the importance of thorough investigation with cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA). This 73-year-old female initially presented with dyspnea and dizziness. CT angiogram of the head suggested an incidental 5 mm ACA aneurysm. Subsequent DSA demonstrated a Type I azygos ACA supplied by the left A1 segment. Also noted was a focal dilatation of the azygos trunk as it gave rise to the bilateral pericallosal and callosomarginal arteries. Three-dimensional visualization demonstrated a benign dilatation secondary to the four vessels branching; no aneurysm was noted. Incidence of aneurysms at the distal dividing point of an azygos ACA ranges from 13% to 71%. However, careful anatomical examination is imperative as findings may be a benign dilatation for which case intervention is not indicated.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • anterior cerebral artery
  • anterior cerebral artery aneurysm
  • Azygos anterior cerebral artery


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