A study is made of the allocation of fixed costs to the outputs of a multiproduct firm. First an allocation is made of short-run fixed costs through A-S prices which allocate the long-run costs. Long-run cost functions do not generally contain a fixed cost component. It is shown that what part of the A-S prices associated with the long-run cost is allocated to the fixed cost and what part is allocated to the variable cost of the short-run costs. Second, in those cases in which the fixed costs must be allocated directly, the authors alter the axioms characterizing A-S prices slightly to accommodate cost functions which have a fixed cost component and derive an allocation mechanism characterized by these axioms for cost functions including those with a fixed cost component.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Bell Journal of Economics|
|State||Published - 1983|