Autonomic impairment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Rositsa Baltadzhieva, Tanya Gurevich, Amos D. Korczyn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of review: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive, loss of motor neurones, but it is increasingly recognized to be a more disseminated disease. The autonomic nervous system may also be involved. Here we review the literature with specific emphasis on autonomic functions in ALS. Recent studies: Ample evidence exists for subclinical dysfunction of cardiovascular, sudomotor, gastrointestinal, salivary and lacrimal regulation, even in early ALS cases. Autonomic disturbances may lead to circulatory collapse or sudden death in respirator dependent patients. Several studies suggest the existence of sympathetic hyperactivity in ALS. We discuss some possible pathophysiological mechanisms of the subtle abnormalities and some clinical and treatment implications. Summary: The wide range of autonomic involvement, together with results suggesting cognitive and extrapyramidal dysfunction, supports the view that ALS is a multisystem degenerative disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-493
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Neurology
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Sympathetic hyperactivity

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