Automated direct selective laser trabeculoplasty: First prospective clinical trial

Mordechai Goldenfeld, Michael Belkin, Masha Dobkin-Bekman, Zachary Sacks, Sharon Blum Meirovitch, Noa Geffen, Ari Leshno, Alon Skaat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Direct selective laser trabeculoplasty (DSLT) is a rapid, noncontact automated procedure performed directly through the limbus without gonioscopy. In this first nonrandomized clinical trial we assessed its safety and ability to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods: Fifteen patients (15 eyes: 10 with open-angle glaucoma [OAG], 4 with ocular hypertension, and 1 with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma), naive or after medication washout, with an IOP ≥22 mm Hg, underwent DSLT by irradiation with 100 or 120 sequential noncontact 532-nm, Q-switched laser shots (0.8−1.4 mJ) automatically applied during 1.5 or 2.3 seconds on the limbus, guided by image analysis and eye track-ing. Results were assessed at 1 and 3 hours, 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months. Results: The mean ± standard deviation baseline IOP (mm Hg) in all eyes was 26.7 ± 2.3. At 1, 3, and 6 months, this value was significantly reduced to 21.7 ± 4.2 (by 18.1%), to 20.8 ± 2.5 (by 21.4%), and to 21.5 ± 4.1 (by 18.8%), respectively. In six patients treated with 1.4 mJ/shot, the mean IOP at 6 months decreased from 26.7 ± 3.2 to 19.3 ± 2.0 (27.1%, P = 0.03). There was a significant reduction in hypotensive medications (from 1.6 ± 1.0 to 0.4 ± 0.7, P = 0.03). No serious adverse events occurred. Conclusions: Automated DSLT appears to be an effective and safe noncontact, rapid modality for reducing IOP in patients with OAG. Higher energy usage led to better results. Translational Relevance: Studying laser transmission through sclera enabled laser irradiation of the trabeculum without gonioscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Glaucoma laser
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Open-angle glaucoma
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty

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