This study is a continuation of our previous work that showed that patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO; Buerger's disease) demonstrate a cell-mediated immune response to human artery type-specific collagens. To investigate the role of cigarette smoking in patients with TAO, cellular and humoral sensitivity was tested to a tobacco glycoprotein (TGP) antigen in 13 patients with Buerger's disease, 16 healthy smokers, and 12 nonsmoking healthy young male subjects. In this study, patients with Buerger's disease and healthy smokers had the same rate of cellular response to TGP, whereas nonsmokers did not respond. All three groups had a 30% to 40% measurable antibody response to TGP. If TGP has an immunologic role in the pathogenesis of TAO, an additional factor (or factors) may be operative. A specific genetic makeup may be one such factor, although at this stage other pathogenic mechanisms cannot be ruled out. Eleven patients with Buerger's disease and two control groups of 10 young healthy smoking male subjects and 12 young nonsmokers underwent histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing. Patients with Buerger's disease had a statistically significantly higher frequency of HLA-DR4 and a significantly lower frequency of the HLA- DRW6 antigen than had both control groups. Because similar findings have been reported in other autoimmune diseases, this observation may serve as further evidence that an autoimmune mechanism is involved in Buerger's disease.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1992|