Autoantibody level modification in adult patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura following intravenous immunoglobulin treatment

Yair Levy, Yaniv Sherer, Alaa Ahmed, Fabrizio Fabbrizzi, Jeff Terryberry, Guo Qiu Shen, James B. Peter, Yehuda Shoenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment of patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is associated with a modification in the antiplatelet glycoprotein (GP) antibodies (Abs). Fourteen patients with ITP (11 females and 3 males, mean age 36.6 years, range 18-72) received one to four IVIg treatment courses. The preparation used was ISIVEN that was given in a dose of 2 g/kg body weight in a 5-day schedule and in monthly intervals. Levels of IgG, IgM and IgA isotypes of Abs to GPs IIb/IIIa and Ib/IX were measured before the treatment, and before and after each treatment course. Two patients did not respond to IVIg, 6 had a temporary response, 5 had a sustained response and 1 patient responded well to the treatment but was lost to follow-up. The patients had a high prevalence of serum Abs directed against GPs IIb/IIIa and Ib/IX before the treatment, and the mean IgG isotype levels of both Abs increased after each treatment course, and decreased again before the following course began. Whenever high Ab levels of either isotype (> 10 U/ml)were detected before the treatment, they were significantly decreased before the last treatment course. The elevated levels of IgG Abs to IIb/IIIa and Ib/IX after every course are probably a result of displacement of these Abs from Fc receptors by the IVIg, rather than of exogenous infusion of these Abs contained within the IVIg, whereas the decrease in high Ab levels after a few treatment courses results from the immunomodulatory effects of IVIg: suppression of Ab formation, and the presence of anti-idiotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
JournalNatural Immunity
Volume16
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Anti-idiotypes
  • Autoantibodies
  • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa
  • Glycoprotein Ib/IX
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Intravenous immunoglobulins

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