Autoantibodies associated with reproductive failure

Y. Shoenfeld*, M. Blank

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Autoimmune factors are involved in some of the cases of reproductive failure. These factors entail several autoantibodies, especially in patients having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). These autoantibodies include mainly antibodies directed to phospholipid such as cardiolipin, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine or phospholipids binding glycoproteins such as β2glycoprotein-I, annexin V, prothrombin and protein-Z. There are also some other autoantibodies directed to laminin-I, thromboplastin, mitochondrial antibodies of the M5 type, corpus luteum, prolactin, poly (ADP-ribose), thyroglobulin and more, which were also found in SLE or APS patients with reproductive failure. Moreover, the presence of additional autoantibodies directed to actin, enolase, cubilin and others, needs further investigation to support a firm association to reproductive failure in women. Future studies are likely to help to determine and expand the number of autoantibodies screened in these patients, as well as by the use of proteomics technology, to determine peptides resembling the epitope specificities associated with the specific clinical manifestations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-648
Number of pages6
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2004


  • Anti-beta-2-glycoprotein-I
  • Anti-laminin
  • Anti-prothrombin
  • Anti-thyroglobulin
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Autoimmunity


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