This chapter describes the autoantibodies that may lead to pregnancy loss. At present, the relevant antibodies include antiphospholipid antibodies, antithyroid antibodies, and possibly antibodies against cytoskeletal elements of the developing embryo. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and diabetes mellitus are the two autoimmune diseases that have been associated with pregnancy loss. Some patients with SLE or the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) have autoantibodies mainly directed to phospholipids such as cardiolipin, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, or phospholipid-binding glycoproteins such as β2-glycoprotein I, annexin V, prothrombin, and protein Z. Future studies may define other autoantibodies.
|Title of host publication||Autoantibodies, Third Edition|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
- anticardiolipin antibody
- antiphospholipid antibody
- lupus anticoagulant
- recurrent pregnancy loss