Unmanned aerial vehicles are rapidly advancing and becoming ubiquitous in an unlimited number of applications, from parcel delivery to people transportation. As unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) markets expand, the increased acoustic nuisance on population becomes a more acute problem. Previous aircraft noise assessments have highlighted the necessity of a psychoacoustic metric for quantification of human audio perception. This study presents a framework for estimating propeller-based UAV auditory detection probability on the ground for a listener in a real-life scenario. The detection probability is derived by using its free-field measured acoustic background and estimating the UAV threshold according to a physiological model of the auditory pathway. The method is presented via results of an exemplar measurement in an anechoic environment with a single two- and five-bladed propeller. It was found that the auditory detection probability is primarily affected by the background noise level, whereas the number of blades is a less significant parameter. The significance of the proposed method lies in providing a quantitative evaluation of auditory detection probability of the UAV on the ground in the presence of a given soundscape. The results of this work are of practical significance since the method can aid anyone who plans a hovering flight mode.