Attractive and repulsive polymer-mediated forces between scale-free surfaces

Yacov Kantor, Mehran Kardar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We consider forces acting on objects immersed in, or attached to, long fluctuating polymers. The confinement of the polymer by the obstacles results in polymer-mediated forces that can be repulsive (due to loss of entropy) or attractive (if some or all surfaces are covered by adsorbing layers). The strength and sign of the force in general depends on the detailed shape and adsorption properties of the obstacles but assumes simple universal forms if characteristic length scales associated with the objects are large. This occurs for scale-free shapes (such as a flat plate, straight wire, or cone) when the polymer is repelled by the obstacles or is marginally attracted to it (close to the depinning transition where the absorption length is infinite). In such cases, the separation h between obstacles is the only relevant macroscopic length scale, and the polymer-mediated force equals AkBT/h, where T is temperature. The amplitude A is akin to a critical exponent, depending only on geometry and universality of the polymer system. The value of A, which we compute for simple geometries and ideal polymers, can be positive or negative. Remarkably, we find A=0 for ideal polymers at the adsorption transition point, irrespective of shapes of the obstacles, i.e., at this special point there is no polymer-mediated force between obstacles (scale free or not).

Original languageEnglish
Article number022148
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Aug 2017

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Science FoundationDMR-1206323, 1206323
Israel Science Foundation453/17

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