ATM gene mutations are not involved in medulloblastoma in children

Ella Liberzon, Smadar Avigad, Ian J. Cohen, Isaac Yaniv, Shalom Michovitz, Rina Zaizov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET)-medulloblastomas account for approximately 20% of all brain tumors in children. Ataxia-telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive neurological disorder with predisposition to cancer. The most common neoplasms are lymphoid malignancies and solid tumors, including central nervous system tumors, astrocytomas, and medulloblastomas. To investigate the potential role of the ATM gene in the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma, 13 tumors were screened for ATM mutations and 9 for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the ATM locus and flanking regions. In none of the tumors were mutations identified. In five of them, the well-known polymorphisms D1853N and F858L were identified and in all 22 tumors, the wild-type allele was preserved. The frequency of the polymorphisms was similar to that reported in our and other normal populations. The LOH of the 11q region (including the ATM gene), detected in 25% of informative cases, is consistent with the molecular and cytogenetic reports of deletion of chromosome 11 in 13%-41% of medulloblastomas. These results indicate that mutations in the ATM gene do not play a role in the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma in children. The LOH in the 11q region may suggest hidden unidentified tumor suppressor genes that may be involved in the malignant transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-169
Number of pages3
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume146
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2003

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