At-line X-ray fluorescence metrology of metals and ultra-thin barrier layers for ULSI applications

Yosi Shacham-Diamand, Boris Yokhin, Itzhak Mazor, Avishai Kepten, Roey Shaviv, Ayelet Gabai

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


X-ray based metrology and inspection can be used for various applications: composition analysis, thin-film thickness measurement, and the determination of crystallographic structure and surface roughness. High resolution imaging is also theoretically possible for defects detection and analysis. In this work we focus on X-ray Fluorescence (XRF). We discuss its principles, the system requirements, and its applications for X-ray metrology. Such systems can be installed in an in-line or at-line configuration for the monitoring of interconnects systems, both aluminum and copper based. The measurement can be done over special test sites on the chip itself or on the scribe-lanes. Measurement over active devices is also possible but electron-hole creation in the gate and field oxide limits the maximum allowed irradiation per unit area. In this work we discuss the guidelines for critical dose and minimum measured area that allow proper and fast metrology. It is concluded that both high-speed and damage free XRF metrology is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-94
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1998
EventIn-Line Characterization Techniques fot Performance and Yield Enhancement in Microelectronic Manufacturing II - Santa Clara, CA, United States
Duration: 23 Sep 199824 Sep 1998


  • Metrology
  • ULSI
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF)


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