Asymptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children

H. Bassan, L. Berkner, C. Stolovitch, A. Kesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective - To define characteristics of pediatric asymptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Patients and methods - We retrospectively reviewed our Neuro-Ophthalmology database (2000-2006) for all cases of symptomatic and asymptomatic pediatric IIH. Results - Out of 45 IIH cases, 14 (31.1%) were asymptomatic (incidental examination). When compared with children with symptomatic IIH, asymptomatic cases were younger [5.6 (1.8-15) vs 11.0 (5-17) years, P = 0.007], had lower percentage of obesity (14.3% vs 48.4%, P = 0.046), and had male predominance (71.4% vs 38.7%, P = 0.06). Asymptomatic cases required shorter duration of acetazolamide treatment [3 (0-8), vs 6 (0-20) months, P = 0.021], and resulted in complete resolution of swollen discs. Conclusions - We speculate that asymptomatic IIH may be more common in young children and could represent a milder form or a presymptomatic phase before evolving into classic symptomatic IIH. Further studies to assess the clinical significance of asymptomatic IIH are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-255
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume118
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Acetazolamide
  • Asymptomatic
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Obesity
  • Pseudotumor cerebri

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Asymptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this