Associations of rooming-in with maternal postpartum bonding: the impact of mothers' pre-delivery intentions

Jonathan E. Handelzalts*, Sigal Levy, Maayan Molmen-Lichter, Maria Muzik, Haim Krissi, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yoav Peled

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Full rooming-in, that is, mother and baby staying together for 24 hours per day after birth in the hospital, has been suggested as beneficial for positive maternal bonding. However, it has never been studied directly. We aimed to examine the association of full versus partial rooming-in and maternal bonding to her infant during the post-childbirth hospital stay. Study Design: Longitudinal questionnaire study. Setting: Maternity ward of a large tertiary health care center in Israel. Participants: The sample consisted of postpartum women (N = 293) in a maternity ward of a tertiary health care center who were fully or partially rooming-in. Measurements and Findings: Questionnaires were administered at two time points, immediately after childbirth (T1; days 1-4) and 2 months postpartum (T2). The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), breastfeeding questions, and the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) were administered at T1; the PBQ was repeated at T2. Regression analysis revealed that the rooming-in mode did not significantly predict bonding at 1-4 days postpartum. However, the rooming-in mode was a significant predictor of bonding at two months postpartum only for women who practiced the rooming-in mode they had initially planned (Beta = 0.12, p < .05), while controlling for other demographic as well as obstetric variables. Women who chose and practiced partial rooming-in manifested more bonding difficulties than those who chose and practiced full rooming-in. These distinctions in bonding were not manifested when including in the analysis women who partially rooming-in, but not in accordance with their intentions. Conclusions: Mother-infant bonding may be optimally supported when women's pre-labor desires to participate in full rooming-in are fulfilled. Implications for Practice: Hospital staff should be aware of the mothers’ intentions regarding full rooming-in requests and make sincere efforts to accommodate and support their wishes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102942
StatePublished - Apr 2021


FundersFunder number
Academic College of Tel-Aviv Yaffo


    • Bonding
    • Childbirth
    • Postpartum
    • Rooming-in


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