Associations of feeding practices in early life and dietary intake at school age with obesity in 10-to 12-year-old arab children

Khitam Muhsen, Wasef Na’amnih, Rebecca Goldsmith, Maayan Maya, Nuha Zeidan, Eias Kassem, Asher Ornoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the role in pediatric obesity of early life feeding practices and dietary intake at school age is essential for early prevention. The study aimed to examine associations of early life feeding practices, environmental and health-related exposures, and dietary intake at school age as determinants of obesity in children aged 10–12 years. In an earlier study of 233 healthy infants in two Arab towns in northern Israel, neonatal history, feeding practices, and health information were obtained up to age 18 months. This follow-up study assessed dietary intake and anthropometric measurements at age 10–12 years using the 24 h recall method. Overall, 174 children participated in this study. Almost all (98%) the children were breastfed. The prevalence of obesity at school age was 42%. A multivariable model adjusted for energy intake and socioeconomic status showed positive associations of total fat intake and of weight-for-height z score, but not feeding practices in infancy, with obesity. Higher gestational age at birth was associated with lower odds of obesity at age 10–12 years. In conclusion, in a population with near universal breastfeeding, gestational age at birth, weight indicators but not feeding practices in infancy, and total fat intake at school age were associated with increased likelihood of obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2106
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Dietary intake
  • Early life exposures
  • Infancy
  • Obesity
  • School age

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