Serotonin S-HT2A receptor (5-HT2A) binding is reported to be altered in individuals with suicidal behavior, mood disorders, and aggressive-impulsive traits. Genetic association with major depression, suicidal behavior, and aggressive-impulsive traits has not been established. This study examines the possible association of the 5-HT2A gene C102T polymorphism with the receptor binding kinetics, and clinical overt phenotypes. The study population included 63 healthy volunteers and 152 subjects with mood disorders, 56 of whom had a history of suicide attempts, All were Caucasian. Platelet 5-HT2A binding kinetics (Bmax and KD) were assayed and adjusted for seasonal variation, All subjects were genotyped forthe T102C polymorphism. Clinical phenotype was determined by structured clinical interview. The TT genotype was associated with higher Bmax in all subjects (F =3.53, df=2,211; p = 0.03), controlling for diagnosis. Bonferroni-adjusted post hoc testing showed higher binding in the TT compared with TC genotype in the control group (F = 7.56, df = 2,60, p = 0.001), but not in the mood-disordered subjects. No difference was found in genotype and allele distribution between the mood-disordered subjects, with and without suicide attempt history, and controls. Bmax was not related to a diagnosis of mood disorders. The TT genotype appears associated with higher platelet 5-HT2A Bmax in the healthy population, but this genotypic effect appears absent in mood disorders and unrelated to psychopathology.
- Human platelet 5-HT receptor
- T102C polymorphism