Association of neovascular age-related macular degeneration and hyperhomocysteinemia

Ruth Axer-Siegel, Dan Bourla, Rita Ehrlich, Gad Dotan, Yoav Benjamini, Slava Gavendo, Dov Weinberger, Ben Ami Sela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

• PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between plasma homocysteine levels and exudative neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). • DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. • METHODS: A prospective comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient ophthalmology clinics in a university-affiliated medical institution. The cohort consisted of 59 patients (25 male, 34 female) with a mean age of 78 years (standard deviation [SD] = 8.4) with neovascular AMD who were candidates for photodynamic treatment. Patients were compared for plasma homocysteine levels with 58 patients who had dry AMD (24 male, 34 female) with a mean age of 76.3 years (SD = 8.4) and with a control group of 56 age-matched subjects (27 male, 29 female), with a mean age of 77.3 years (SD = 8.2). A 3-ml venous blood sample was obtained from each participant after an 8-hour fast. Levels of plasma homocysteine were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. The main outcome measure was hyperhomocysteinemia, defined as a plasma homocysteine level above 15 μmol/l. • RESULTS: Homocysteine levels were higher by 27.9% in the neovascular AMD than in the dry AMD group, and by 21.9% than in the control group (P < .02). Hyperhomocysteinemia was found in 44.1% of the study group, in 22.4% of the dry AMD group, and in 21.4% of the control group (P = .011). • CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an association between an elevated plasma level of homocysteine and exudative neovascular AMD but not dry AMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

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